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Interessant: Auf Papua Neu-Guinea gibt es einen Stamm, bei dem sich jeder Mensch durch eine individuelle Melodie zu erkennen gibt.

Konggap, sung melodic motifs that last only a few seconds embody the acoustic representation of a person among the Yupno people of Papua New Guinea and are a unique phenomenon in the Pacific. The konggap forms a very complex system of personal identification and expression of social relationships; at the same time it connects the singer to the ancestral world. Every person in Yupno society possesses his or her own konggap, and Yupno people are able to identify a large number of konggap, some men even up to three hundred. Nobody would sing his or her own konggap during the day. When crossing Yupno land, a person has to sing the konggap of the respective landowner to identify himself as an insider, a local person − unlike strangers (and possible enemies) who remain silent. But at nightly dances each dancer sings his own konggap and during mourning at funerals groups of women simultaneously sing the konggap of the deceased person. An interdisciplinary ethnographic-musicological-cognitive fieldwork study was conducted in order to find out how it is possible that the Yupno are able to identify and distinguish between this staggering amount of very short sung motifs.

I was very curious to hear what these sounded like, but I couldn’t find anything online, so I emailed the lead author on the paper, Raymond Ammann, and asked if he knew of any publicly-available recordings. He directed me to a flash site that contains an impossibly brief snippet of recorded konggap melodies. Here’s how to find them:

Go to this site, which is mostly in German:
Click the little red dot on Papua New Guinea (some big circles will pop up when you hover, you can ignore them).
Click “soundscape” in the top left corner.
Then click “Ton und Bild,” which will appear just to the right.
That will bring up a media player that plays soundscape recordings taken every hour in the jungle.
„At 18:00 when people are walking home from the gardens you can hear konggap.”

You can barely make them out behind the birdsong, but there they are!